A résumé (French word meaning summary) is a document generated to provide employers with the educational background, skills, accomplishments, and employment history of a person. As such, it is used to assist a person in securing new employment. For this reason, résumés should be error-free, concise, and contain only information that is pertinent to the job that one hopes to obtain. Conciseness is very important since hiring managers often give résumés only a cursory glance. Career coach Heather Yurovsky of a platform used by people to find employment, observes, “If you miss the mark, your résumé may never be read. Even worse, you might be removed from the applicant pool by a computer before a human even knows you exist.”
Tailoring the résumé to fit the position for which a person is applying will certainly benefit an applicant. Fortunately, there are résumé builders that use the information provided them to create a résumé appropriate to the position a person seeks. If an applicant is working on his/her own, résumé outlines are accessible on the internet. These provide a good place for recording all the information that a person wishes to include and acts as a “rough draft” that can be modified or reused if a person leaves a position.
Creating a Résumé
When generating any résumé, an applicant should always begin with his/her personal information in a header. This header will have (1) the applicant’s full name (a name used across the web), (2) the applicant’s phone number, and (3) the applicant’s email address. After this information, all résumés should contain the following data that is placed in reverse chronological order:
- An applicant’s work experience, listed from most recent to least recent, including any successes (Omitting jobs that are irrelevant to the position to which a person is applying will benefit the applicant by saving the hiring manager time.)
- An applicant’s non-work experience, such as community involvement, professional organizations, and side projects, including any awards
- An applicant’s education and any certifications
- (Usually, applicants should place their advanced degrees above others, but if the applicant has recently had coursework specific to digital marketing or social media, listing this first may attract the reviewer’s attention.)